Ephemeral Wildflowers

Discover the plants that make spring in north Georgia such a popular season.

Ephemeral wildflowers only bloom for a brief time. Usually starting in March and lasting through mid-April, these flowers, in a sense, are racing against the coming shade of the forest tree canopy.

Ephemeral wildflowers bloom, are pollinated and set and disperse seed before the leaves reappear on deciduous trees. They then disappear until their amazing emergence again the next year.

Be sure to take the opportunity to recognize their appearance and beauty during the short time they are here! If you have a patch of mixed hardwood forest on your property, do a little botanizing to see if you discover your own populations of spring ephemerals.

If you can’t find any in your area, plan a trip to hike Elachee’s trails to see the amazing diversity of ephemeral wildflowers the Chicopee Woods Nature Preserve has to offer. Hike the Ed Dodd and the Lake Loop trails to see the following beauties!

10 Ephemerals to Look for in Chicopee Woods

Bloodroot, Sanguinaria canadensis L.
Spring ephemeral, bloodroot, found in the Chicopee Woods Nature Preserve.

Bluestar, Amsonia tabernaemontana
Spring ephemeral, Bluestar, found in the Chicopee Woods Nature Preserve.

Catesby’s Trillium, Trillium catesbaei
 Spring ephemeral, Catesby's Trillium, found in the Chicopee Woods Nature Preserve.  
                                                         

Dog Violet, Viola riviniana
Spring ephemeral, Dog Violet, found in the Chicopee Woods Nature Preserve. 

Dwarf Violet Iris, Iris verna
Spring ephemeral, Dwarf Violet Iris, found in the Chicopee Woods Nature Preserve.

Fiddlehead Fern or Ostrich Fern, Matteuccia struthiopteris
Spring ephemeral, Fiddlehead Fern, found in the Chicopee Woods Nature Preserve

Hepatica, Anemone hepatica
Spring ephemeral, Hepatica, found in the Chicopee Woods Nature Preserve

Little Brown Jug or Evergreen Wild Ginger, Hexastylis arifolia
 Spring ephemeral, Little Brown Jug, found in the Chicopee Woods Nature Preserve.

Mayapple, Podophyllum peltatum
Spring ephemeral, Mayapple, found in the Chicopee Woods Nature Preserve.

Roundleaf Yellow Violet, Viola rotundifolia
Spring ephemeral, Roundleaf Yellow Violet, found in the Chicopee Woods Nature Preserve

Toadshade Trillium, Trillium sessile
Spring ephemeral, Toadshade Trillium, found in the Chicopee Woods Nature Preserve

Plan Your Visit to Elachee Nature Science Center or check the spring 2021 guided Saturday hike schedule online at www.elachee.org/calendar

Snap a photo of the emphemerals you find and send by email to elachee@elachee.org.

For more information about wild flowers or any natural history topic, please call us at Elachee at (770) 535-1976. We will be glad to hear from you.